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Common Types of AC Refrigerants

AC refrigerants are used to help your air conditioning system cool indoor air more effectively. However, not all homeowners know about the benefits of the various refrigerants used in energy-efficient cooling systems, nor is everybody aware that old versions of refrigerants like R22 have been phased out. It's critical to choose the right type of cooling system, because if you don’t make the right decision you may end up paying for big energy bills as well as constant repairs and maintenance services.

 Common Types of AC Refrigerants

Available AC Refrigerants 

The most common types of AC refrigerants are Freon, Puron, R22 and R-410A. If you're not sure which refrigerant you have, check the label on the evaporator or compressor. Some older types of refrigerants have been phased out because of hydrochlorofluorocarbons (HCFCs).

Included in the list of phased-out refrigerants are R22s, also known as Freon 22. Although R22 units themselves are non-toxic and non-flammable, they've been pulled off the market because they use HCFCs. These are said to be dangerous to the ozone layer and the environment, so new refrigerant types were introduced which make use of hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs).

Some Considerations

Modern units are built to use HFCs, which are safer for the ozone layer. However, there are also times when units utilizing HFCs need more frequent home air conditioning repair and require synthetic oils for its compressors. When choosing an air conditioner, it’s important to take note of all aspects of its operation so you know what to expect. Fortunately, working with a reputable HVAC expert can help you effectively narrow down your choices, zeroing in on ideal options such as units that use R-410A, which offer better reliability, energy efficiency and premium cooling capacity for your property.

If you want to make sure that you use the right cooling agent and AC refrigerants, you can count on WM Buffington Company. As a trusted HVAC professional, we have the products and services you need to comfortably and safely cool your home. For ductless air conditioning installation and other HVAC services, don’t hesitate to give us a call at (717) 609-4020 or schedule an appointment through our online contact form. We serve clients in Middletown, PA.

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